May 24 2019

Relationship Between Anxiety

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To learn how to control our anxiety we must know what are the symptoms or anxiety responses but you must also know as response rates are related to each other, as well as some basic rules of how the responses of each type are handled. The more intense is the reaction of anxiety, logically appears a greater number of symptoms in three levels (physiological, motor, and cognitive). The increase in the intensity of a response usually result in increases in other responses, especially those that are of the same type, but also in responses from the other two systems. However, this relationship is not perfect. Thus, in situations of low intensity, we can find different degrees of activation in different systems.

For example, if someone not experiencing much anxiety in certain situation, perhaps you can control voluntarily the expression of your anxiety (motor restlessness, facial expression, tone of voice, etc.), although it cannot control other expressions such as heart rate. Not all the people sample all the symptoms, but that they tend to specialize, above all in certain physiological signs, thus some people sweat more than others; and stop these latest sweat will not be an important response when they are nervous. Instead, for these people who sweat little it may be your main response at gastric level, or they ruboricen easily, or hands tremble them much. On the other hand, there are also differences in the degree of control that people have these symptoms, for example it is easier to voluntarily control the motor responses to physiological activation agitated by the autonomic nervous system. We possess a greater degree of voluntary control over muscles than on the viscera, so if we try to control our anxiety, initially it will be easier to do it at the engine level than physiological. But also to learn control. Thus, some people have learned to control physiological responses with some ease, for example, your rate heart through breathing exercises. Some physiological responses, such as the electrodermales (which measure electrical responses of skin) are not well controlled with muscle relaxation or respiratory control, while better handled through imagination, by changing what we think or imagine.

Well, imagine relaxing scenes, helps us to decrease its intensity. On the other hand, when we try to control these responses with other methods, is usually produce an increase rather than a decrease. The lack of voluntary control over the electrodermales answers is what has led to using them as an index of distortions or lie detector. It should be noted that persons who presented many signs of anxiety, intense way, and tend to keep this high intensity over time, possess a high trait anxiety or a high general level of anxiety. Have a high general level of anxiety can be considered as a risk factor for the development of anxiety disorder (anxiety, agoraphobia, anxiety disorder by abuse of) substances, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder). It is important to clarify that a high level of anxiety can also be associated with other disorders such as e.g. psychophysiologic disorders or psychosomatic in which occurs a physical alteration (arterial hypertension, headache, chronic backache, etc.) that noticeably worsen when the individual has more anxiety.

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